Zero Budget Farming / Zero Chemical Farming
Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) Zero Budget Farming (ZBF) is a method of agriculture that counters the commercial expenditure and market dependency of farmers for the inputs like fertilizers and pesticides. The method involves locally obtainable natural bio-degradable materials and combines scientific knowledge of ecology and modern technology with traditional farming practices based on naturally occurring biological processes.
Zero Budget Farming Methods are promoted by Agro scientists like Mr. Subhash Palekar. While conventional agriculture uses synthetic pesticides and water-soluble synthetically purified fertilizers, Zero Budget Farmers are restricted by regulations to using natural pesticides and fertilizers. The principal methods of ZBF include crop rotation, green manures and compost, biological pest control system, and mechanical cultivation. These measures use the natural environment to enhance agricultural productivity: ie. legumes are planted to fix nitrogen into the soil, natural insect predators are encouraged & crops are rotated to reduce pests and renew soil, Farmers are helped in their selection of plant breeds, and organic researchers produce hardier plants through plant breeding rather than genetic engineering. (source: Wikipedia)
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